Serbia: U.S. citizen served as Nazi guard in Belgrade
By Jovana Gec
Published on: 07/19/08
Belgrade, Serbia —- Serbia's war crimes prosecutors are preparing a case against an American who allegedly served in a Nazi unit that killed 17,000 civilians around Belgrade during World War II, an official said Friday.
Bruno Vekaric, a spokesman for the prosecutors' office, said it has started gathering information about Peter Egner, 86, a native of Yugoslavia now living in Seattle, in order to try him in Serbia.
"We have contacted the Americans, various archives, victims' associations to gather data," Vekaric said. "Once we collect enough material, we will launch a formal investigation and seek his extradition."
This week, the U.S. Justice Department asked a federal court to revoke Egner's American citizenship, saying he served as a guard and interpreter with the Nazi-controlled Security Police and Security Service in Belgrade from April 1941 to September 1943.
In its complaint filed in U.S. District Court in Seattle, the Justice Department said Egner had failed to divulge that information when he applied for U.S. citizenship. Instead, he reported serving in a German unit and was granted U.S. citizenship in 1966.
Egner, who now lives in a retirement community in the Seattle area, said this week he was unaware of the U.S. complaint and refused to comment on the allegations about his past.
Vekaric said a delegation from the Serbian prosecutors' office will travel to Germany next week to check the archives about the Nazi occupation of Serbia during which tens of thousands of civilians were executed. Local historic and security archives also are being searched for any information about Egner, Vekaric said.
"If we make a strong enough case, a warrant will be issued for his arrest," Vekaric said. "There should be no obstacle for his extradition to Serbia to face justice."
The Justice Department complaint says that during an interview with federal authorities in February 2007, Egner admitted that he guarded prisoners as they were being transferred to the Semlin concentration camp and the Avala execution site, both near Belgrade. He also reportedly admitted serving as an interpreter during interrogations of political prisoners.
His lawyer, Robert Gibbs of Seattle, confirmed that Egner served on a low level in the security police when he was 19 or 20, but said his client denies participating in any persecution.
The Justice Department, citing Nazi documents, said that in the fall of 1941, Egner's unit executed 11,164 people —- mostly Serbian Jewish men, suspected communists and Gypsies —- and that in 1942, it killed 6,280 Serbian Jewish women and children who had been prisoners at Semlin. Those women and children allegedly were gassed with carbon monoxide.
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